How to Taste Cheese: A Beginner’s Guide to Savoring Flavors

Cheese tasting is an art that enhances your appreciation for its rich and varied flavors.

As you start trying new cheeses, you’ll discover that there is more to cheese than just its taste. Texture, aroma, and even appearance significantly contribute to your overall experience.

By learning how to taste Cheese, you unlock a world where every bite tells a story of craftsmanship and tradition.

A cheese board with a variety of cheeses, grapes, apples, crackers, nuts, and a cheese knife, arranged on a wooden board

To appreciate cheese on a deeper level, consider the whole context in which it’s enjoyed.

Before taking a bite, observe the color and form, feel the texture, and inhale the distinct scents.

Each type of cheese, from a creamy brie to a sharp aged cheddar, carries its unique characteristics.

Taking the time to savor each aspect of the cheese allows for a full sensory experience.

As you familiarize yourself with these guidelines to cheese tasting, you’ll start to identify subtle flavors and textures. This can turn every sampling into a delightful exploration.

The Basics of Cheese

An assortment of cheeses, grapes, apples, and nuts on a wooden cheese board, accompanied by a cheese knife.

Exploring cheese begins with understanding the vast varieties and recognizing how to interpret cheese labels. This knowledge sets the foundation for appreciating and tasting every cheese with confidence.

Varieties of Cheese

Cheese comes in numerous types and textures, each with its unique flavor profile.

You’ll find hard cheeses such as Parmesan, which are aged and have a granular texture, and soft cheeses like Brie or Camembert, known for their creamy consistency.

Cheddar is a versatile cheese that, depending on its aging, can range from soft to hard. For something with a bold character, blue cheese offers a distinct, veiny appearance and a strong flavor.

Mozzarella is famous for its use on pizzas and is loved for its stretchy and soft qualities.

Cheese TypeTextureCommon Uses
Hard CheeseFirm, granularGrating over dishes
Soft CheeseCreamy, spreadableAccompaniments to wines
Blue CheeseCrumbly with blue veinsSalad dressings, dips
CheddarSoft to hardSandwiches, snacks
ParmesanHard, grittyToppings, pasta
MozzarellaSoft, stretchyPizzas, Caprese salad

Understanding Cheese Labels

When browsing for cheese, your guide to selecting the perfect one often lies in the label.

Labels can tell you the origin of the cheese, suggesting the world of cheese it comes from, such as a robust Italian Parmesan or a delicate French Brie.

They also provide insight into cheese-making, including whether it’s made from raw or pasteurized milk.

Pay attention to terms like “aged” or “matured,” as these indicate the intensity of flavor you can expect – the longer the cheese is aged, the bolder the taste.

Preparing for Tasting

A cheese board featuring various cheeses, grapes, raspberries, crackers, and two glasses of red wine, set against a dark background.

A structured approach to preparing for tasting is crucial to ensure a successful and enjoyable experience.

Setting Up Your Tasting Space

Select a quiet, well-lit area with minimal distractions. This will allow you to focus on the nuanced flavors and aromas of the cheeses. Ensure the space is clean, and the temperature is comfortable.

  • Table setup: Arrange a table with a clean white tablecloth to help you better observe the cheese colors and textures.
  • Tools needed: Provide knives for cutting, small plates for individual portions, and glassware for water or accompanying beverages.
  • Ambiance: If desired, play soft background music to enhance the mood.

Choosing Your Cheeses

When selecting cheeses, aim for variety.

Include different types such as a creamy Brie, a sharp Cheddar, and a tangy Blue Cheese.

If you’re trying a new cheese, research its characteristics and flavor profile beforehand. Opt for 3 to 4 types to avoid overwhelming your palate.

  1. Mild to Strong: Order your cheese from mildest to strongest to prevent the more potent flavors from overpowering the subtler ones.
  2. Texture variety: Include a range of textures, from soft and creamy to hard and crumbly.

Cheese Handling and Storage

Proper cheese handling is essential for an authentic tasting experience.

  • Temperature: Remove the cheeses from the fridge at least an hour before tasting to bring them to room temperature, which unlocks the full range of flavors.
  • Storage: Wrap leftovers in wax or parchment paper, not plastic, to allow the cheese to breathe and retain optimal texture.

Sensory Elements of Tasting Cheese

A selection of cheeses, grapes, oranges, and a glass of red wine on a wooden cheese board, with scattered nuts and a rustic backdrop.

Engaging all your senses is key when tasting cheese. Examining the look, feel, scent, and taste will uncover the cheese’s full spectrum of sensory delights.

Look at the Cheese

Before you even taste the cheese, observe its appearance.

The color, texture, and shape can give clues about its flavor profile and aging process. A uniform color usually indicates consistent aging, while variations can suggest a stronger taste with more intensity.

Notice if the cheese has any rind, mold, or brine; these elements add unique characteristics to the overall experience.

Touch the Cheese

Now, gently touch the cheese to gauge its texture.

Is it hard, soft, crumbly, or creamy? These qualities can indicate the fat content and moisture level, which are determinants of the cheese’s mouthfeel.

Handling the cheese can also reveal if it’s sticky, which suggests a higher level of ripeness.

Smell the Cheese

Take a moment to smell the cheese.

The aroma is a precursor to taste and can range from fresh and mild to pungent and sharp.

The scent can help you anticipate the cheese’s flavor and tasting notes, whether earthy, nutty, fruity, or tangy.

A deeper whiff might reveal more about the cheese’s origins and ingredients—grass-fed cow’s milk might have a different scent than sheep’s or goat’s milk cheese.

Taste the Cheese

Finally, take a bite to truly taste the cheese.

Let it rest on your tongue for a moment to savor the full range of flavors.

Note the initial taste, the mid-palate sensations, and the aftertaste—this is your cheese’s dynamic flavor profile.

Does the taste linger? Is it mild or bold?

Focusing on these aspects will help you better determine the intensity of the cheese’s flavor.

Remember to cleanse your palate between different types to keep your taste buds sharp.

The Tasting Process

A cheese board with a variety of cheeses, grapes, nuts, and a glass of red wine, set on a wooden table with slices of bread in the background.

Before indulging in the complex world of cheese flavors, it’s important to understand the tasting process.

Clearing your palate ensures that your taste buds are neutral while evaluating the cheese with a trained eye aids in discerning subtle nuances. Documenting your impressions can enrich the tasting experience and help you remember your favorites.

Cleansing Your Palate

Before you taste cheese, it’s crucial to cleanse your palate to remove any leftover flavors that might alter your perception.

Start with a sip of water or a bite of a plain cracker, ensuring your mouth is refreshed and ready to appreciate the new taste sensations fully.

Evaluating Cheese Like a Cheesemonger

To taste cheese like a cheesemonger, first observe the cheese’s appearance, noting any distinctive colors or textures.

Next, smell the cheese to identify any floral, fruity, or nutty aromas—these can give you hints of what flavors to anticipate.

Then, let a small piece of cheese sit on your tongue, allowing it to dissolve slowly.

Pay attention to the primary taste sensations—salty, sweet, bitter, sour, and umami—as well as any secondary lactic notes that might emerge.

Taking Notes

As you enjoy the cheese, take detailed tasting notes that include the flavors and aromas you detect.

These might range from the sharp tang of a cheddar to the creamy, earthy depth of a camembert.

Note down the texture and how the flavor changes over time as well.

This will serve as a personal record and help you refine your taste and pair cheeses in the future.

Common Cheese Descriptors

When you taste cheese, you encounter a variety of textures, flavors, and characteristics influenced by aging. Understanding the common descriptors used to describe cheese can help you appreciate the nuances and better articulate your tasting experience.


The texture of cheese can tell you a lot about its moisture content and how it was processed.

  • Creamy: Soft and spreadable, this texture is typical of cheeses like Brie or Camembert.
  • Crumbly: Cheeses like feta or aged cheddar often break apart easily, indicating a drier, more mature cheese.
  • Smooth: Think of the uniform consistency of mozzarella or gouda.
  • Rind: Often edible, the rind can add a contrasting texture to the cheese, from a Brie’s bloomy rind to an aged Parmesan’s hard rind.


The flavors and aromas of cheese are diverse. They can be influenced by the diet of the animal whose milk was used, the bacteria involved in aging, and various other factors.

  • Lactic: Mild and slightly tangy, resembling the taste of fresh cheese like ricotta.
  • Herbaceous: Reminiscent of grass or herbs, commonly found in cheeses like chevre (goat cheese).
  • Nutty: Certain cheeses, like Gruyère or Swiss, may evoke the flavor of nuts.

Understanding these flavors helps in pairing cheese with wines and other foods to enhance your tasting experience.

Aging Characteristics

Aging plays a significant role in developing cheese’s texture and flavor.

  • Fresh: Cheeses like mozzarella or ricotta typically have a high moisture content and a mild taste.
  • Aged: Over time, cheeses can become firmer and develop deeper flavors, such as the bold, tangy profile of an aged blue cheese.

Noting the aging characteristics can give you clues about a cheese’s strength and richness.

Pairings and Recipes

Pairing cheese with the right accompaniments can elevate your tasting experience. Incorporating it into recipes can unlock even more flavors for your palate. Here’s how to craft the perfect pairings and delightful dishes.

Cheese and Wine

Pairing cheese and wine is a classic way to enjoy both. The key is balance: robust cheeses can stand up to fuller-bodied wines, while lighter cheeses might pair better with a crisp white or sparkling wine.

Try a creamy Brie with a glass of Champagne or a slice of tangy Manchego alongside a Rioja for a fail-safe pairing.

  • Bold Reds: Pair with aged cheeses like sharp cheddar.
  • Light Whites: Go for soft cheeses such as goat cheese.
  • Sweet Wine: Best with blue cheese for a delightful contrast.

Cheese Community Engagement

Engaging with the cheese community can enhance your appreciation and knowledge of cheese. There are plentiful opportunities to learn and share experiences from local cheese shops to organized events.

Visiting Cheese Shops

When you walk into a cheese shop, you’re not just there to buy cheese; you’re stepping into a hub of expertise and passion.

Engage with the cheesemonger; they’re often eager to share stories about the cheeses, from the crafting process to the best ways to enjoy them.

Don’t hesitate to ask for samples; tasting cheese firsthand is how you develop your palate. Here’s what to remember:

  • Ask questions: Learn about the origin, types, and pairing suggestions.
  • Seek recommendations: Whether new or experienced, there’s always something new to try.

Attending Tastings and Events

Tastings and events are fantastic ways to deepen your understanding and love for cheese.

Cheese companies and community organizers often host events where you can:

  • Try various cheeses: Get exposure to flavors that might become new favorites.
  • Meet producers: Gain insights directly from those who make the cheese.

You can contribute to a vibrant cheese culture by actively participating in these settings while indulging in some of the finest cheeses available.

Caring for Cheese

Proper care is crucial to maintaining the quality and extending the longevity of your cheese. You’ll want to ensure it’s stored correctly and understand how long different types of cheese can be kept.

Storing Cheese

Cheese needs to breathe, just like a fine wine. When it’s time to store your cheese in the refrigerator, the goal is to maintain the right balance of moisture and fat to keep it fresh. Here’s how you can do that:

  • Hard cheeses, like cheddar or Parmesan, should be wrapped in parchment paper followed by a loose layer of aluminum foil. This allows the cheese to breathe without drying out.
  • For soft cheeses such as Brie or goat cheese, use a container that allows for some ventilation. A dedicated cheese container with a permeable lid works well.

Remember to keep your cheese away from strong-smelling foods to avoid flavor cross-contamination. Always place it in the warmest part of your fridge, often the vegetable drawer.

Cheese Longevity

Cheese doesn’t have an eternal shelf life, but if treated right, you can enjoy it to the last bite. Here’s a quick guide:

  • Hard cheeses can last between three to six weeks if stored properly.
  • Semi-soft cheeses should be eaten within two weeks.
  • Fresh cheeses have the shortest lifespan and are best consumed within a few days.

Note that these are general guidelines. Consulting with cheese makers or your local cheesemonger can provide advice tailored to your purchased cheese. Always check for signs of spoilage, like off smells or visible mold not characteristic of the cheese, before consumption, and when in doubt, it’s safer to discard it.

Frequently Asked Questions

When tasting cheese, you may have questions about how to get the most from your experience. Below are some common inquiries for assistance along the way.

Q: What should I look for when tasting cheeses like cheddar or parmesan?
A: Observe firm cheeses such as cheddar and parmesan in appearance and texture. Notice if the cheese has crystals, which indicate age. Upon tasting, let the cheese sit on your tongue to release its full range of flavors. Pay attention to both the initial taste and the aftertaste.

Q: Are there specific temperatures at which to taste different cheeses?
A: Yes, temperature can significantly affect your tasting experience. Generally, allow your cheese to come to room temperature before tasting to ensure the flavors are more pronounced.

Q: How can I get past the strong smell of cheeses like Limburger?
A: Limburger is known for its potent aroma, which can be off-putting for some. Try inhaling through your mouth as you eat. This can help mitigate the smell while allowing you to appreciate the taste.

Q: How do I cleanse my palate between different cheeses?
A: Cleansing your palate is essential to avoid flavor mixing. Between tastings, use plain bread, unsalted crackers, or apple slices. Some prefer to sip water or eat a small piece of celery.